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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Photo taken on Oct. 7, 2019 shows the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Randall Johnson, a professor with Karolinska Institute and a member of the Nobel Assembly, speaks to announce the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize has been awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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(191007) -- STOCKHOLM, Oct. 7, 2019 (Xinhua) -- Randall Johnson, a professor with Karolinska Institute and a member of the Nobel Assembly, speaks to announce the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, Oct. 7, 2019. The prize has been awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability," said the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)
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Thomas Perlmann, far right, Secretary-General of the Nobel Committee announces the 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine during a news conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday Oct. 7, 2019. The prize has been awarded to scientists, from left on the screen, Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (Pontus Lundahl/TT via AP)
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Thomas Perlmann, Secretary-General of the Nobel Committee, announces the 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine during a news conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday Oct. 7, 2019. The prize has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (Pontus Lundahl/TT via AP)
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Thomas Perlmann, Secretary-General of the Nobel Committee, announces the 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine during a news conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday Oct. 7, 2019. The prize has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (Pontus Lundahl/TT via AP)
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Professor Randall Johnson of the Nobel Commitee, right, speaks during a news conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday Oct. 7, 2019. The 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (Pontus Lundahl/TT via AP)
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Professor Randall Johnson of the Nobel Commitee, right, speaks during a news conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday Oct. 7, 2019. The 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (Pontus Lundahl/TT via AP)
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William G. Kaelin, Jr. talks to a reporter after being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019, in Boston. Kaelin, who teaches at Harvard, will share the prize with Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Committee announced Monday. (AP Photo/Josh Reynolds)
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William G. Kaelin, Jr, talks to a reporter after being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019, in Boston. Kaelin, who teaches at Harvard, will share the prize with Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Committee announced Monday. (AP Photo/Josh Reynolds)
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William G. Kaelin, Jr, talks to a reporter after being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019, in Boston. Kaelin, who teaches at Harvard, will share the prize with Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Committee announced Monday. (AP Photo/Josh Reynolds)
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William G. Kaelin, Jr. poses for a portrait in his living room after being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019, in Boston. Kaelin, who teaches at Harvard, will share the prize with Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Committee announced Monday. (AP Photo/Josh Reynolds)
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Peter J. Ratcliffe poses for a photo at the University in Oxford, England, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019. The 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
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Peter J. Ratcliffe, center, poses for a photograph with his team in the laboratory at the University in Oxford, England, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019. The 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
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Peter J. Ratcliffe walks past the laboratory at the University in Oxford, England, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019. The 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
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Peter J. Ratcliffe, center, poses for a photograph with his team in the laboratory at the University in Oxford, England, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019. The 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
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Peter J. Ratcliffe poses for a photograph at the University in Oxford, England, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019. The 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
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Peter J. Ratcliffe poses for a photograph at the University in Oxford, England, Monday, Oct. 7, 2019. The 2019 Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to scientists Gregg L. Semenza, Peter J. Ratcliffe and William G. Kaelin Jr. receiving the award jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability". (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
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Journalists wait for the beginning of a press conference to announce the winner of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Journalists wait for the beginning of a press conference to announce the winner of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Thomas Perlmann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Thomas Perlemann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Thomas Perlmann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Peter Ratcliffe of Britain win the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Thomas Perlmann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Peter Ratcliffe of Britain win the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member, Randall Johnson (R), speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - The winner's work reveals the molecular mechanisms that underlie cells adaption to variations in oxygen supply and is of fundamental importance for physiology paving the way for promising new strategies to fight anaemia, cancer and other diseases. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member Randall Johnson (R) speaks to explain the research field of the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine after their names were announced during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Peter Ratcliffe of Britain win the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member Randall Johnson (R) speaks to explain the research field of the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine after their names were announced during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Peter Ratcliffe of Britain win the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member Randall Johnson (R) speaks to explain the research field of the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine after their names were announced during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Peter Ratcliffe of Britain win the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Journalists follow the announcement of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member Randall Johnson (R) speaks to explain the research field of the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine after their names were announced during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Peter Ratcliffe of Britain win the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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The winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (L-R) Gregg Semenza of the US, Peter Ratcliffe of Britain and William Kaelin of the US appear on a screen during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Peter Ratcliffe of Britain win the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member, Randall Johnson (R), speaks to announce the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (L-R) Gregg Semenza of the US, Peter Ratcliffe of Britain and William Kaelin of the US, seen on a screen during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Peter Ratcliffe of Britain win the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Thomas Perlmann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Thomas Perlmann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Thomas Perlmann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Thomas Perlmann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, speaks as the winners are announced of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member Randall Johnson (R) speaks to explain the research field of the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine after their names were announced during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza (displayed on the screen) and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member Randall Johnson (R) speaks to explain the research field of the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine after their names were announced during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin (displayed on the screen) and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly member Randall Johnson (R) speaks to explain the research field of the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine after their names were announced during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin (displayed on the screen, L) and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe (displayed on the screen, R) won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly members (L-R) Patrik Ernfors, Anna Wedell and Randall Johnson sit in front of a screen displaying the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (L-R) Gregg Semenza, Peter Ratcliffe and William Kaelin after their names were announced during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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Nobel Assembly members (L-R) Patrik Ernfors, Anna Wedell and Randall Johnson sit in front of a screen displaying the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (L-R) Gregg Semenza, Peter Ratcliffe and William Kaelin as their names are announced by Thomas Perlmann (R), the Secretary of the Nobel Committee, during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)
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An undated handout picture released by the Universtity of Oxford in London on October 19, 2019, shows British physician scientist Peter Ratcliffe posing for a photograph at the Universtity of Oxford's offices. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe on Monday shared the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. "They established the basis for our understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function," the jury said. Ratcliffe is director of clinical research at the Francis Crick Institute in London, and director of the Target Discovery Institute in Oxford. (Photo by HO / Oxford University / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT via the University of Oxford" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT via the University of Oxford" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
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An undated handout picture released by the Universtity of Oxford in London on October 19, 2019, shows British physician scientist Peter Ratcliffe posing for a photograph at the Universtity of Oxford's offices. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe on Monday shared the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. "They established the basis for our understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function," the jury said. Ratcliffe is director of clinical research at the Francis Crick Institute in London, and director of the Target Discovery Institute in Oxford. (Photo by HO / Oxford University / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT via the University of Oxford" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT via the University of Oxford" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
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An undated handout picture released by the Universtity of Oxford in London on October 19, 2019, shows British physician scientist Peter Ratcliffe posing for a photograph at the Universtity of Oxford's offices. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe on Monday shared the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. "They established the basis for our understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function," the jury said. Ratcliffe is director of clinical research at the Francis Crick Institute in London, and director of the Target Discovery Institute in Oxford. (Photo by HO / Oxford University / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT via the University of Oxford" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT via the University of Oxford" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
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This undated handout picture released on October 7, 2019 by Johns Hopkins Medicine University shows Gregg Semenza of the US, who will be awarded with the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize, the Nobel Committee in Stockolm announced on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by will kirk / various sources / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / Johns Hopkins Medicine University" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / Johns Hopkins Medicine University" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
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This undated handout picture released on October 7, 2019 by Johns Hopkins Medicine University shows Gregg Semenza of the US, who will be awarded with the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize, the Nobel Committee in Stockolm announced on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by will kirk / various sources / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / Johns Hopkins Medicine University" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / Johns Hopkins Medicine University" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, speaks to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Massachusetts on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, speaks to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Massachusetts on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, speaks to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Massachusetts on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, holds a model of the protein he has been working on as he speaks to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Ma on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, holds a model of the protein he has been working on as he speaks to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Ma on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, speaks to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Ma on October 7, 2019 - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, speaks to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Ma on October 7, 2019 - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, speaks to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Ma on October 7, 2019 - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Dr. William G. Kaelin, Jr. MD, recipient of 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, waits to speak to the press at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Ma on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by JOSEPH PREZIOSO / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - Three researchers from the US and Britain on Monday shared the Nobel Medicine Prize for research into how human cells sense and adapt to changing oxygen levels, opening up new strategies to fight common diseases such as cancer and anaemia. William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the United States and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe split the nine million Swedish kronor ($914,000, 833,000 euros) award. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - Three researchers from the US and Britain on Monday shared the Nobel Medicine Prize for research into how human cells sense and adapt to changing oxygen levels, opening up new strategies to fight common diseases such as cancer and anaemia. William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the United States and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe split the nine million Swedish kronor ($914,000, 833,000 euros) award. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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Gregg Semenza speaks at the John Hopkins School of medicine after winning the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for Hypoxia discovery in Baltimore, Maryland on October 7, 2019. - Three researchers from the US and Britain on Monday shared the Nobel Medicine Prize for research into how human cells sense and adapt to changing oxygen levels, opening up new strategies to fight common diseases such as cancer and anaemia. William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the United States and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe split the nine million Swedish kronor ($914,000, 833,000 euros) award. (Photo by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP)
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This undated handout picture released on October 7, 2019 by Johns Hopkins Medicine University shows Gregg Semenza of the US, who will be awarded with the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize, the Nobel Committee in Stockolm announced on October 7, 2019 - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Will KIRK / Johns Hopkins Medicine / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / Johns Hopkins Medicine University" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / Johns Hopkins Medicine University" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
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This undated handout picture released on October 7, 2019 by Harvard Medical School shows William G. Kaelin of the US, Professor at the Harvard Medical School who will be awarded with the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize, the Nobel Committee in Stockolm announced on October 7, 2019. - US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe won the 2019 Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, the Nobel Assembly said. (Photo by Handout / Harvard Medical School / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /Harvard Medical School" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS BEST QUALITY AVAILABLE
RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /Harvard Medical School" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS BEST QUALITY AVAILABLE